url netmask adb prop date ras rep shell腳本 授權

一、數據mariadb集群搭建分為兩個內容
1、負載均衡搭建
2、mariadb galera cluster
二、負載均衡搭建
負載均衡集群是 load balance 集群的簡寫,翻譯成中文就是負載均衡集群。常用的負載均衡開源軟件有nginx、lvs、haproxy,商業的硬件負載均衡設備F5、Netscale。這裏主要是學習 LVS 並對其進行了詳細的總結記錄。本次采用lvs的DR模式
2.1 安裝keepalive和lvs安裝包
yum install -y ##### keepalived 安裝keepalive
yum install -y ipvsadm ##### 安裝裝lvs
2.2、編輯keepalive的配置,keepalive與網絡的vrrp原理一樣
vi /etc/keepalive/keepalived.conf
vrrp_instance VI_1 {
state MASTER
! nopreempt
interface chkconfig keepalived on
garp_master_delay 10
virtual_router_id 50
priority 100
advert_int 1
authentication {
auth_type PASS
auth_pass zabbix
}
virtual_ipaddress {
192.168.1.157
}
}

virtual_server 192.168.1.157 3306 {
delay_loop 6
lb_algo wrr
lb_kind DR
nat_mask 255.255.255.0
persistence_timeout 50
protocol TCP

real_server  192.168.1.154 3306 {
    weight 1
    TCP_CHECK {
        connect_port 3306
        connect_timeout 3
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
    }
}

real_server  192.168.1.155 3306 {
    weight 1
    TCP_CHECK {
        connect_port 3306
        connect_timeout 3
        nb_get_retry 3
        delay_before_retry 3
    }
}

real_server 192.168.1 3306 {
weight 1
TCP_CHECK {
connect_port 3306
connect_timeout 3
nb_get_retry 3
delay_before_retry 3
}

}

}

2.3.開啟keepalive、ipvsam服務
systemctl start keepalived
systemctl start ipvsam
2.4、驗證
ipvsam 查看負載情況
三、mariadb 集群
3.1 數據庫安裝
分別在三臺主機安裝mariadb的數據,本次安裝10.3.14版本的數據,較為穩定的版本
vi /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo
[mariadb]
name = MariaDB-10.3.14
baseurl=http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3.14/centos7-amd64

alternative: baseurl=http://archive.mariadb.org/mariadb-10.3.14/yum/centos7-amd64

gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

[[email protected] /]# yum install mariadb-server -y
Loaded plugins: langpacks, product-id, subscription-manager
Complete!
[[email protected] /]# rpm -qa | grep mariadb
mariadb-server-5.5.50-1.el7_2.x86_64
mariadb-libs-5.5.50-1.el7_2.x86_64
mariadb-5.5.50-1.el7_2.x86_64
mariadb-devel-5.5.50-1.el7_2.x86_64
啟動mariadb服務程序並添加到開機啟動項中:
[[email protected] /]# systemctl start mariadb
[[email protected] /]# systemctl enable mariadb
[[email protected] /]# netstat -anpt | grep 3306
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3306 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 22418/mysqld
[[email protected] /]# ps -ef | grep mariadb
mysql 22418 22259 0 00:39 ? 00:00:00 /usr/libexec/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/lib64/mysql/plugin --log-error=/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log --pid-file=/var/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid --socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
root 22459 1092 0 00:40 pts/0 00:00:00 grep --color=auto mariadb
[[email protected] /]# ln -s ‘/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service‘ ‘/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service‘
為了保證數據庫的安全性,一定要進行初始化工作:
第1步:設定root用戶密碼。
第2步:刪除匿名帳號。
第3步:禁止root用戶從遠程登陸。
第4步:刪除test數據庫並取消對其的訪問權限。
第5步:刷新授權表,讓初始化後的設定立即生效。
初始化數據庫服務程序:
[[email protected] /]# mysql_secure_installation
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation: line 379: find_mysql_client: command not found
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we‘ll need the current
password for the root user. If you‘ve just installed MariaDB, and
you haven‘t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): 當前數據庫密碼為空,直接敲擊回車。
OK, successfully used password, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 輸入要為root用戶設置的數據庫密碼。
Re-enter new password: 重復再輸入一次密碼。
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
... Success!
By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y(刪除匿名帳號)
... Success!
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost‘. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y(禁止root用戶從遠程登陸)
... Success!
By default, MariaDB comes with a database named ‘test‘ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y(刪除test數據庫並取消對其的訪問權限)

  • Dropping test database...
    ... Success!
  • Removing privileges on test database...
    ... Success!
    Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
    will take effect immediately.
    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y(刷新授權表,讓初始化後的設定立即生效)
    ... Success!
    Cleaning up...
    All done! If you‘ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
    installation should now be secure.
    Thanks for using MariaDB!
    使用root用戶登陸到數據庫中:
    [[email protected] /]# mysql -u root -p
    Enter password: 此處輸入root用戶在數據庫中的密碼。
    Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
    Your MariaDB connection id is 5
    Server version: 5.5.35-MariaDB MariaDB Server
    Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others.
    Type ‘help;‘ or ‘\h‘ for help. Type ‘\c‘ to clear the current input statement.
    MariaDB [(none)]>
    查看當前已有的數據庫:
    MariaDB [(none)]> show databases;
    +--------------------+
    | Database |
    +--------------------+
    | information_schema |
    | mysql |
    | performance_schema |
    +--------------------+
    3 rows in set (0.01 sec)
    3.2 配置集群
    vi /etc/my.conf
    [mysqld]
    binlog_format=ROW
    default-storage-engine=innodb
    innodb_autoinc_lock_mode=2
    bind-address=0.0.0.0

    Galera Provider Configuration

    wsrep_on=ON
    wsrep_provider=/usr/lib64/galera/libgalera_smm.so

    Galera Cluster Configuration

    wsrep_cluster_name="galera_cluster"
    wsrep_cluster_address="gcomm://192.168.1.192.168.1.155,192.168.1.156,"

Galera Synchronization Configuration

wsrep_sst_method=rsync

Galera Node Configuration

wsrep_node_address="192.168.1.156" #####其他節點需要修改
wsrep_node_name="Node1" #####其他節點需要修改
第1個節點先啟動 使用galera_new_cluster
其他節點使用 systemctl start mariadb
3.4 安裝zabbix-server-mysql
為了將zabbix的數據文件導入mysql中

mysql -uroot -p

password
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to [email protected] identified by ‘password‘;
mysql> quit;
導入初始架構和數據,系統將提示您輸入新創建的密碼。

zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix

五、配置vip
因為負載均衡lvs的DR原理,每臺數據庫都必須配置vip地址,並不對外進行廣播
#!/bin/bash
#description:start realserver
vip1=192.168.1.157
case $1 in
start)
echo "Start Realserver"
/sbin/ifconfig lo:0 $vip1 broadcast $vip1 netmask 255.255.255.255 up

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
    echo "2" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
    echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
    echo "2" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce

;;
stop)
echo "Stop Realserver"
/sbin/ifconfig lo:0 down
echo "0" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_ignore
echo "0" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/lo/arp_announce
echo "0" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_ignore
echo "0" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/arp_announce
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $0 (start | stop)"
exit 1
esac
最後運行shell腳本

常見故障

搭建galera cluster的時候設置sst為xtrabackup,啟動node1報錯。
[ERROR] WSREP: It may not be safe to bootstrap the cluster from this node. It was not the last one to leave the cluster and may not contain all the updates. To force cluster bootstrap with this node, edit the grastate.dat file manually and set safe_to_bootstrap to 1 .
解決方式:
grastate.dat file of the node you intend to use as the first node.
需要把該文件刪除 重新啟動即可。

zabbix高可用搭建--數據庫集群(2)